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A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true. Riad Le Calife. Riad Laaroussa Hotel and Spa. Riad Layalina Fez. Dar Hafsa.
Riad Andalib. Riad El Yacout. Ryad Alya. Riad Ahlam. Riad-Boutique Borj Dhab Fez. Go Eat.
Can't-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast. Les saveurs de Riad Fes Maya. Medina Cafe. Darori Resto.
Restaurant Ouliya. Snack Chrif. Yalla Yalla. Medina Social Club Restaurant. All the trips. Learn More.
From the Forums. After the fall of the Marinids, the city remained the capital of Morocco under the Wattasids. However, in the 16th century, the Saadis , based in Marrakech , would attempt to overthrow the Wattasids.
In the meanwhile, the Ottoman Empire came close to Fez after the conquest of Oujda in the 16th century.
They later retook the city in with Ottoman support. However, this reconquest was short-lived, and in the Wattasids were decisively defeated in the battle of Tadla by the Saadis.
The Ottomans would try to invade Morocco after the assassination of Mohammed ash-Sheikh in , but were defeated by his son Abdallah al-Ghalib at the battle of Wadi al-Laban north of Fez.
Hence, Morocco remained the only North-African state to deter and defeat the Ottomans. After the death of Abdallah al-Ghalib a new power struggle would emerge, after Abd al-Malik would take Fez with Ottoman support and oust his nephew Abu Abdullah.
The latter would flee to Portugal where he asked king Sebastian of Portugal for help to regain his throne.
This would lead to the Battle of Alcacer Quibir where Abd al-Malik's army would defeat the invading Portuguese army with the support of his Ottoman allies, ensuring Moroccan independence.
Abd al-Malik himself also died during the battle and would be succeeded by Ahmad al-Mansur. Until the 19th century it was the only source of fezzes also known as the tarboosh.
Then manufacturing began in France and Turkey as well. Fez was also the end of a north-south gold trading route from Timbuktu. Fez was a prime manufacturing location for embroidery and leather goods such as the Adarga.
In control of the city returned to Morocco. Fez took part in a rebellion in , led by Ibrahim ibn Yazid, as well as in the rebellion led by Muhammad ibn Tayyib.
The Tijani Sufi order, started by Ahmad al-Tijani d. The order spread quickly among the literary elite of North West Africa, and its ulama , or theologians, had significant religious, intellectual, and political influence in Fes and beyond.
Fes played a central role in the Hafidhiya , the brief civil war that erupted when Sultan Abd al-Hafid challenged his heavily Europe-allied brother Abdelaziz for the throne.
Moinier established himself in Fes to protect Sultan Abd al-Hafid from threats, including the pretension of Ahmed al-Hiba , son of Ma al-'Aynayn , to the sultanate.
Following the implementation of the Treaty of Fes , the city was heavily damaged in the Intifada of Fes and belonged to French Morocco until Fez was the capital of Morocco until Rabat then remained the capital even after Morocco achieved independence in Despite its traditional character, there is a modern section: the "New City".
Today it is a bustling commercial center. Place Lalla Yeddouna at the heart of the Medina is currently undergoing reconstruction and preservation measures following a design competition sponsored by the Millennium Challenge Corporation Washington D.
The construction projects scheduled for completion in encompass historic preservation of particular buildings, construction of new buildings that fit into the existing urban fabric and regeneration of the riverfront.
The intention is to not only preserve the quality and characteristics of the UNESCO World Heritage Site , but to encourage the development of the area as a sustainable, mixed-use area for artisanal industries and local residents.
Located by the Atlas Mountains, Fez has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification Csa with a strong continental influence, shifting from relatively cool and wet in the winter to dry and hot days in the summer months between June and September.
Frost is not uncommon during the winter period. The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded in the city are Snowfall on average occurs once every 3 to 5 years.
Fez recorded snowfall in three straight years in , and The prefecture is divided administratively into the following: . The historic city of Fez consists of Fes el-Bali , the original city founded by the Idrisid dynasty on both shores of the Oued Fes River of Fez in the late 8th and early 9th centuries, and the smaller Fez el-Jdid , founded on higher ground to the west in the 13th century.
It is distinct from Fez's now much larger Ville Nouvelle new city originally founded by the French. These two historic cities are linked together and are usually referred to together as the " medina " of Fez, though this term is sometimes applied more restrictively to Fes el-Bali only.
Fez is also considered the cultural and spiritual capital of Morocco. This architecture is characterised by construction techniques and decoration developed over a period of more than ten centuries, and where local knowledge and skills are interwoven with diverse outside inspiration Andalusian, Oriental and African.
The Medina of Fez is considered as one of the most extensive and best conserved historic towns of the Arab-Muslim world.
There are numerous historic mosques in the medina, some of which are part of a madrasa or zawiya. Among the oldest mosques still standing today are the highly prestigious Mosque of al-Qarawiyyin , founded in and subsequently expanded ,  the Mosque of the Andalusians founded in to ,  the Bou Jeloud Mosque from the late 12th century  , and possibly the Mosque of the Kasbah en-Nouar which may have existed in the Almohad period but was likely rebuilt much later  .
The very oldest mosques of the city, dating back to its first years, were the Mosque of the Sharifs or Shurafa Mosque and the Mosque of the Sheikhs or al-Anouar Mosque ; however, they no longer exist in their original form.
The city has traditionally retained the influential position as a religious capital in the region, exemplified by the Madrasa or University of al-Qarawiyyin which was established in by Fatima al-Fihri originally as a mosque.
His son Abu Inan Faris built the famed Bou Inania Madrasa , and by the time of his death, every major city in the Marinid Empire had at least one madrasa.
During this period, the two formerly divided cities known as Madinat Fas and al-'Aliya were united under a single enclosure.
The Almoravid fortifcations were later destroyed and then rebuilt by the Almohad dynasty in the 12th century, under Caliph Muhammad al-Nasir.
The gates of Fez , scattered along the circuit of walls, were guarded by the military detachments and shut at night. Along with the city walls and gates, several forts were constructed along the defensive perimeters of the medina during the different time periods.
The military watchtowers built in its early days during the Idrisid era were relatively small. However, the city rapidly developed as the military garrison center of the region during the Almoravid era, in which the military operations were commanded and carried out to other North African regions and Southern Europe to the north, and Senegal river to the south.
Subsequently, it led to the construction of numerous forts, kasbahs , and towers for both garrison and defense. A "kasbah" in the context of Maghrebi region is the traditional military structure for fortification, military preparation, command and control.
Some of them were occupied as well by citizens, certain tribal groups, and merchants. Throughout the history, 13 kasbahs were constructed surrounding the old city.
The Kasbah Bou Jeloud, which no longer exists as a kasbah today, was once the governor's residence and stood near Bab Bou Jeloud, south of the Kasbah an-Nouar.
Since the inception of the city, tanning industry has been continually operating in the same fashion as it did in the early centuries.
Today, the tanning industry in the city is considered one of the main tourist attractions. There are three tanneries in the city, largest among them is Chouara Tannery near the Saffarin Madrasa along the river, built in the 11th century.
The tanneries are packed with the round stone wells filled with dye or white liquids for softening the hides. The leather goods produced in the tanneries are exported around the world.
Located in the heart of Fes el Bali, the Zawiya of Moulay Idriss II is a zawiya a shrine and religious complex; also spelled zaouia , dedicated to and containing the tomb of Idris II or Moulay Idris II when including his sharifian title who is considered the main founder of the city of Fez.
The old city also has several major historic cemeteries which existed outside the main city gates, namely the cemeteries of Bab Ftouh the most significant , Bab Mahrouk , and Bab Guissa.
Some of these cemeteries include marabouts or domed structures containing the tombs of local Muslim saints often considered Sufis.
The old city of Fez includes more than a hundred funduq s or foundouk s traditional inns, or urban caravanserais.
These were commercial structures which provided lodging for merchants and travelers or housed the workshops of artisans.
Many old private residences have also survived to this day, in various states of conservation. One type of house known, centered around an internal courtyard, is known as a riad.
The Palais Jamai, for example, was converted into a luxury hotel in the early 20th century. As a former capital, the city contains several palaces as well.
Dar Batha is a former palace completed by the Alaouite Sultan Moulay Abdelaziz ruled and turned into a museum in with around 6, pieces. The University of Al Quaraouiyine is the oldest continually-operating university in the world.
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Main article: University of Al Quaraouiyine. Main article: List of twin towns and sister cities in Morocco.
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Translated by Besse Clement. Oklahoma University. Vigo, Julian Writing the City, Transforming the City.
New Delhi: Katha. The approach of the project is probably one of the most ambitious for an Arab medina and therefore of exemplary character.
Timeline Treaty of Fes. Fez Stadium Salle 11th November. World Sacred Music Festival. See Category:People from Fez, Morocco.
Prefectures and provinces of Morocco by region. Tangier-Assilah M'diq-Fnideq. Casablanca Mohammedia.
Errachidia Zagora Midelt Ouarzazate Tinghir. Aousserd Oued Ed-Dahab. World Heritage Sites in Morocco. Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou.
Categories : World Heritage Sites in Morocco Fez, Morocco Prefecturial capitals in Morocco Regional capitals in Morocco establishments 8th-century establishments in Africa Populated places established in the 8th century Burial sites of the Idrisid dynasty.
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What travelers are saying 4. We walked through the Medina for 2 days, sometimes we got lost but we did not care, it was amazing, beautiful and filled with history, culture and interesting people, small eateries and interesting ar What a fascinating treasure trove of local craft shops.
Storekeepers and craftsmen have been conducting their daily activities relatively unchanged for over a millineum. One of the oldest Arab univer This ancient maze of streets and alleys isn't necessarily for the faint of heart.
It is gritty, dirty and full of skinny little cats but it is absolutely amazing to walk on streets and step into shop Full view.
Fes Morocco. Best nearby. Le Jazzy. Le Florence. Restaurant Marrakech. Fez Mellah. Aben Danan Synagogue. Fes el-Jdid. Get to know the area.
Stopping at Azrou, a Berber village in the middle of the famous cedar forest - the largest in Morocco — where you may well sight Barbarian monkeys.
Continue along the luxuriant Ziz Valley, stopping for panoramic views along the way. Write a review. Traveler rating. Traveler type.
Time of year. Traveler safety. See safety reviews 1. Selected filters. All reviews narrow streets official guide google maps step back in time local guide leather tannery old city leather goods for sale oldest university blue gate buy something unique experience maze tanneries senses mules vendors tourists sights hundreds culture.
Dimitris L wrote a review May Sydney, Australia 12, contributions 23, helpful votes. Very old culture. We travelled on our own and walked around the Medina for hours.
It was an extremely enjoyable and rewarding experience. It must be said it was difficult to navigate our way through this amazing maze of buildings, people, animals, motor bikes, push bikes and a host of other ….
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